Petroleum Radiation Processing PDF Download

Are you looking for read ebook online? Search for your book and save it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Download Petroleum Radiation Processing PDF full book. Access full book title Petroleum Radiation Processing by Yuriy Zaikin. Download full books in PDF and EPUB format.

Petroleum Radiation Processing

Petroleum Radiation Processing PDF Author: Yuriy Zaikin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466593105
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 376
Book Description
Radiation-thermal cracking of oil feedstock has the potential to offer a solution to many of the challenges the oil industry is facing. Radiation-induced chain cracking reactions in hydrocarbons at lowered temperatures initiated the development of improved technological approaches, combining the advantages of radiation-thermal cracking and low-temperature feedstock processing. However, researchers still face obstacles in the practical application of theory and experimental data, and the literature presents contradictions that need to be sorted out for further development of this technology. Petroleum Radiation Processing fills an information gap, providing systematic descriptions of the fundamentals of radiation-induced cracking reactions in hydrocarbons. It analyzes the basic experiments that have brought about the rapid development of radiation technology for petroleum radiation processing during the last decades. The book provides a detailed introduction to radiation methods based on radiation-thermal and low-temperature cracking of hydrocarbons, emphasizing high-viscous oil feedstocks that are difficult to process by conventional methods—such as heavy and high-paraffinic crude oil, fuel oil, and bitumen. It helps readers understand the mechanisms and kinetics of low-temperature radiation cracking. The book addresses the application of promising radiation methods for solving critical environmental issues, such as oil desulfurization and regeneration of used lubricants and other used oil products. Examining experimental data as well as theoretical and technical approaches, it summarizes research progress in the field of petroleum radiation processing, providing a useful reference on the theory and technology of hydrocarbon radiation processing for chemical technologists, researchers, and students.

Petroleum Radiation Processing

Petroleum Radiation Processing PDF Author: Yuriy Zaikin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466593105
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 376
Book Description
Radiation-thermal cracking of oil feedstock has the potential to offer a solution to many of the challenges the oil industry is facing. Radiation-induced chain cracking reactions in hydrocarbons at lowered temperatures initiated the development of improved technological approaches, combining the advantages of radiation-thermal cracking and low-temperature feedstock processing. However, researchers still face obstacles in the practical application of theory and experimental data, and the literature presents contradictions that need to be sorted out for further development of this technology. Petroleum Radiation Processing fills an information gap, providing systematic descriptions of the fundamentals of radiation-induced cracking reactions in hydrocarbons. It analyzes the basic experiments that have brought about the rapid development of radiation technology for petroleum radiation processing during the last decades. The book provides a detailed introduction to radiation methods based on radiation-thermal and low-temperature cracking of hydrocarbons, emphasizing high-viscous oil feedstocks that are difficult to process by conventional methods—such as heavy and high-paraffinic crude oil, fuel oil, and bitumen. It helps readers understand the mechanisms and kinetics of low-temperature radiation cracking. The book addresses the application of promising radiation methods for solving critical environmental issues, such as oil desulfurization and regeneration of used lubricants and other used oil products. Examining experimental data as well as theoretical and technical approaches, it summarizes research progress in the field of petroleum radiation processing, providing a useful reference on the theory and technology of hydrocarbon radiation processing for chemical technologists, researchers, and students.

Petroleum Radiation Processing

Petroleum Radiation Processing PDF Author: Manoj Karkare
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781681170350
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 312
Book Description
Petroleum Radiation Processing fills an information gap, providing systematic descriptions of the fundamentals of radiation-induced cracking reactions in hydrocarbons. It analyzes the basic experiments that have brought about the rapid development of radiation technology for petroleum radiation processing during the last decades. The book emphasizes high-viscous oil feedstocks that are difficult to process by conventional methodssuch as heavy and highparaffinic crude oil, fuel oil, and bitumen. It helps readers understand the mechanisms and kinetics of low-temperature radiation cracking. The book addresses the application of promising radiation methods for solving critical environmental issues, such as oil desulfurization and regeneration of used lubricants and other used oil products. Examining experimental data as well as theoretical and technical approaches, it summarizes research progress in the field of petroleum radiation processing, providing a useful reference on the theory and technology of hydrocarbon radiation processing for scientists, researchers, and students.

Petroleum Radiation Processing

Petroleum Radiation Processing PDF Author: Yuriy Zaikin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466593113
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 376
Book Description
Radiation-thermal cracking of oil feedstock has the potential to offer a solution to many of the challenges the oil industry is facing. Radiation-induced chain cracking reactions in hydrocarbons at lowered temperatures initiated the development of improved technological approaches, combining the advantages of radiation-thermal cracking and low-temperature feedstock processing. However, researchers still face obstacles in the practical application of theory and experimental data, and the literature presents contradictions that need to be sorted out for further development of this technology. Petroleum Radiation Processing fills an information gap, providing systematic descriptions of the fundamentals of radiation-induced cracking reactions in hydrocarbons. It analyzes the basic experiments that have brought about the rapid development of radiation technology for petroleum radiation processing during the last decades. The book provides a detailed introduction to radiation methods based on radiation-thermal and low-temperature cracking of hydrocarbons, emphasizing high-viscous oil feedstocks that are difficult to process by conventional methods—such as heavy and high-paraffinic crude oil, fuel oil, and bitumen. It helps readers understand the mechanisms and kinetics of low-temperature radiation cracking. The book addresses the application of promising radiation methods for solving critical environmental issues, such as oil desulfurization and regeneration of used lubricants and other used oil products. Examining experimental data as well as theoretical and technical approaches, it summarizes research progress in the field of petroleum radiation processing, providing a useful reference on the theory and technology of hydrocarbon radiation processing for chemical technologists, researchers, and students.

Reproductive Biology of Plants

Reproductive Biology of Plants PDF Author: Shalini Dwivedi
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781681170282
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 311
Book Description
Petroleum Radiation Processing fills an information gap, providing systematic descriptions of the fundamentals of radiation-induced cracking reactions in hydrocarbons. It analyzes the basic experiments that have brought about the rapid development of radiation technology for petroleum radiation processing during the last decades. The book emphasizes high-viscous oil feedstocks that are difficult to process by conventional methodssuch as heavy and highparaffinic crude oil, fuel oil, and bitumen. It helps readers understand the mechanisms and kinetics of low-temperature radiation cracking. The book addresses the application of promising radiation methods for solving critical environmental issues, such as oil desulfurization and regeneration of used lubricants and other used oil products. Examining experimental data as well as theoretical and technical approaches, it summarizes research progress in the field of petroleum radiation processing, providing a useful reference on the theory and technology of hydrocarbon radiation processing for scientists, researchers, and students.

A Literature Review on Cold Cracking of Petroleum Crude Oil

A Literature Review on Cold Cracking of Petroleum Crude Oil PDF Author: United States United States Department of Energy
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781523389322
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 28
Book Description
It is obvious from the literature review and private discussions with experts that application of radiation cracking of larger molecules found in crude oils to make (refine) higher value lighter petroleum products is not new. Radiation in different forms (neutrons, electrons, X-rays, Gamma-rays, etc.) can be delivered to petroleum crude oil with energy that is many orders of magnitude in excess of that required to break large hydrocarbon molecules. Some specific observations from the literature include the following: Radiation research applied to petroleum has been pursued by major oil companies, academia and National Laboratories since the 1950's. A wide variety of radiation sources have been explored as high energy sources: emitting neutrons, electrons, gammaray, beta particles and fission products. There are a few energy company U.S. patents that provide detailed results comparing yields from radiation processing of crude oil with conventional refined product yields. None of the patents proved commercial because the energy balance was uncertain. Interest in radiation processing of petroleum languished for about 30 years. Most energy companies and refiners disbanded their nuclear divisions by 1983. Government and academic research on nuclear and hydrocarbons (bond breaking and molecular rearrangement) continued but was limited to model hydrocarbon compounds - clean, well-defined multi-component systems. However, discussion of the use of excess heat from nuclear reactors continued to be of interest to both energy companies and academia. Renewed interest in application of radiation to petroleum processing was generated after the collapse of the former Soviet Union, when many Russian nuclear scientists became idle. Since the 1990's, international efforts, through the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) led to funding a series of proposals from the nuclear scientists in the Republic of Kazakhstan. The use of high energy electrons, generated by a linear electron accelerator, resulted in a series of publications for the Kazakh scientists. Some studies indicate improved efficiency, and highlighted some of the limitations of using high flux electrons to process different types of crude oils found in central Russia and Kazakhstan. This recent Kazakh work has generated renewed interest from a number of U.S. companies that hope to patent the technology and further define the viability of using electron beams as a way of refining crude oil to produce higher value liquid fuels.

A Literature Review on Cold Cracking of Petroleum Crude Oil

A Literature Review on Cold Cracking of Petroleum Crude Oil PDF Author: United States United States Department of Energy
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 9781514190869
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 28
Book Description
It is obvious from the literature review and private discussions with experts that application of radiation cracking of larger molecules found in crude oils to make (refine) higher value lighter petroleum products is not new. Radiation in different forms (neutrons, electrons, X-rays, Gamma-rays, etc.) can be delivered to petroleum crude oil with energy that is many orders of magnitude in excess of that required to break large hydrocarbon molecules. Some specific observations from the literature include the following: Radiation research applied to petroleum has been pursued by major oil companies, academia and National Laboratories since the 1950's. A wide variety of radiation sources have been explored as high energy sources: emitting neutrons, electrons, gammaray, beta particles and fission products. There are a few energy company U.S. patents that provide detailed results comparing yields from radiation processing of crude oil with conventional refined product yields. None of the patents proved commercial because the energy balance was uncertain. Interest in radiation processing of petroleum languished for about 30 years. Most energy companies and refiners disbanded their nuclear divisions by 1983. Government and academic research on nuclear and hydrocarbons (bond breaking and molecular rearrangement) continued but was limited to model hydrocarbon compounds - clean, well-defined multi-component systems. However, discussion of the use of excess heat from nuclear reactors continued to be of interest to both energy companies and academia. Renewed interest in application of radiation to petroleum processing was generated after the collapse of the former Soviet Union, when many Russian nuclear scientists became idle. Since the 1990's, international efforts, through the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) led to funding a series of proposals from the nuclear scientists in theRepublic of Kazakhstan. The use of high energy electrons, generated by a linear electron accelerator, resulted in a series of publications for the Kazakh scientists. Some studies indicate improved efficiency, and highlighted some of the limitations of using high flux electrons to process different types of crude oils found in central Russia and Kazakhstan. This recent Kazakh work has generated renewed interest from a number of U.S. companies that hope to patent the technology and further define the viability of using electron beams as a way of refining crude oil to produce higher value liquid fuels.

Radiation Physics Research Progress

Radiation Physics Research Progress PDF Author: Aidan N. Camilleri
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600219887
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 441
Book Description
This new book focuses on the latest research from around the globe on: fundamental processes in radiation physics; radiation sources and detectors and applications of radiation physics in fundamental research.

Assessing the Potential and Limitations of Heavy Oil Upgrading by Electron Beam Irradiation

Assessing the Potential and Limitations of Heavy Oil Upgrading by Electron Beam Irradiation PDF Author: Daniyar Zhussupov
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
Radiation technology can economically overcome principal problems of heavy oil processing arising from heavy oil's unfavorable physical and chemical properties. This technology promises to increase considerably yields of valuable and environmentally satisfying products of thermal cracking; to simplify complexity of refinery configuration; and to reduce energy expenses of thermal cracking. Objectives of the present study are: Evaluate heavy oil viscosities with respect to absorbed dose and effect of different solvents on the viscosity of irradiated crude oil by comparing selected physical properties of irradiated samples to a non-irradiated control group; Investigate effect of e-beam radiation on the yields of light fractions comparing yields of radiation-thermal cracking to yields of conventional thermal cracking. The viscosity was used as an indicator of the change in the molecular structure of hydrocarbons upon irradiation. We found that the irradiation of pure oil leads to the increase of the molecular weight calculated from the Riazi-Daubert correlation. Thus, irradiation up to 10 kGy resulted in a 1.64% increase in the molecular weight, 20 kGy-4.35% and 30 kGy- 3.28%. It was found that if irradiated oil was stored for 17 days, its viscosity increased by 14% on average. The irradiation of samples with added organic solvent in the following weight percentages 10, 5, 2.5wt.% resulted in the increase in the viscosity by 3.3, 3.6 and 14.5%, respectively. The irradiation of the sample with added distilled water also resulted in an increase in the viscosity. This increase mainly happened because the thermal component was absent in the activation energy and hydrogen, produced from radiolysis of solvent and water molecules in mixture with crude oil, and was not consumed by hydrocarbon molecules and no reduction in molecular size occurred. Implementation of radiation to the thermal cracking increased yields of light fractions by 35wt.% on average compared to the process where no radiation was present. The last chapter of this thesis discusses a profitability of installation the hypothetical radiation-thermal visbreaking unit. The calculation of profitability was performed by a rate of return on investment (ROI) method. It showed that implementation of radiation-thermal processing resulted in an increase of ROI from 16 to 60%.

Petroleum Refiner

Petroleum Refiner PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Natural gas
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description


Chemistry of Petroleum Processing and Extraction

Chemistry of Petroleum Processing and Extraction PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Oil fields
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description