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Nuclear Waste Politics

Nuclear Waste Politics PDF Author: Matthew Cotton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9780367179281
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 252
Book Description
The question of what to do with radioactive waste has dogged political administrations of nuclear-powered electricity-producing nations since the inception of the technology in the 1950s. As the issue rises to the forefront of current energy and environmental policy debates, a critical policy analysis of radioactive waste management in the UK provides important insights for the future. Nuclear Waste Politicssets out a detailed historical and social scientific analysis of radioactive waste management and disposal in the UK from the 1950s up to the present day; drawing international comparisons with Sweden, Finland, Canada and the US. A theoretical framework is presented for analysing nuclear politics: blending literatures on technology policy, environmental ethics and the geography and politics of scale. The book proffers a new theory of "ethical incrementalism" and practical policy suggestions to facilitate a fair and efficient siting process for radioactive waste management facilities. The book argues that a move away from centralised, high capital investment national siting towards a regional approach using deep borehole disposal, could resolve many of the problems that the high stakes, inflexible "megaproject" approach has caused across the world. This book is an important resource for academics and researchers in the areas of environmental management, energy policy, and science and technology studies.

Nuclear Waste Politics

Nuclear Waste Politics PDF Author: Matthew Cotton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9780367179281
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 252
Book Description
The question of what to do with radioactive waste has dogged political administrations of nuclear-powered electricity-producing nations since the inception of the technology in the 1950s. As the issue rises to the forefront of current energy and environmental policy debates, a critical policy analysis of radioactive waste management in the UK provides important insights for the future. Nuclear Waste Politicssets out a detailed historical and social scientific analysis of radioactive waste management and disposal in the UK from the 1950s up to the present day; drawing international comparisons with Sweden, Finland, Canada and the US. A theoretical framework is presented for analysing nuclear politics: blending literatures on technology policy, environmental ethics and the geography and politics of scale. The book proffers a new theory of "ethical incrementalism" and practical policy suggestions to facilitate a fair and efficient siting process for radioactive waste management facilities. The book argues that a move away from centralised, high capital investment national siting towards a regional approach using deep borehole disposal, could resolve many of the problems that the high stakes, inflexible "megaproject" approach has caused across the world. This book is an important resource for academics and researchers in the areas of environmental management, energy policy, and science and technology studies.

Radioactive Waste

Radioactive Waste PDF Author: Frans Berkhout
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 0415054931
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 267
Book Description
This analysis of nuclear strategy, the politics of nuclear power and the shifting emphasis of government regulation redefines the issue of radwaste management and sets it at the centre of the current debate about the environment.

Nuclear Waste

Nuclear Waste PDF Author: Piero Risoluti
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540404477
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 152
Book Description
The selection of a suitable site for disposal of nuclear waste is today one of the most difficult and controversial tasks, primarily because of the opposition of the local community. This book is geared to explain the origin of the negative perception of nuclear energy by the public at large. The author emphasizes that the problem of social acceptance of nuclear-waste disposal sites is mostly based on misinformation conveyed by antinuclear proponents. This contribution also provides a comprehensive picture of the most significant recent technical achievements in the disposal of nuclear waste.

Politics Trumps Nuclear Science America's Radioactive Waste Dilemma

Politics Trumps Nuclear Science America's Radioactive Waste Dilemma PDF Author: Ph. D. Rose O. Hayes
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781941069233
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 520
Book Description
Politics Trumps Science is not a technical review of nuclear waste. It is a partial social history of nuclear waste management and the 70-year failure of the U.S. government to develop and implement a disposal program for the growing massive inventories of both high-level defense nuclear waste and commercial spent nuclear fuel. There should always have been parallel processes that destroyed the waste as it was produced. An argument is presented that the massive inventories have turned America into a nuclear waste minefield and is also destroying the nuclear power industry through erosion of public support. Deep geological repositories, such as Yucca Mountain, are revealed to be continuously changing open systems of matter and energy which are unpredictable and cannot be controlled. They are unsafe for storing nuclear waste, which is the government's plan. Politics Trumps Science also describes the critical need for research and development to build technologies that will reduce nuclear waste's volume, radioactivity, and half life to supplement nuclear waste storage systems. It is also predicted that without such technologies, America will become nuclear power free as uranium ore becomes depleted or excessively expensive and the industry's profits decline. However, America will be forever left with the indestructible 75,000 plus tons and 30,000,000.000 curies of nuclear waste that have already been produced, threatening public health, safety, and environmental pollution.

America's Nuclear Wastelands

America's Nuclear Wastelands PDF Author: Max Singleton Power
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 228
Book Description
By the end of the Cold War, 45 years of weapons production and nuclear research had generated a sobering legacy: an astounding 1.7 trillion gallons of contaminated groundwater; 40 million cubic meters of tainted soil and debris; over 2,000 tons of intensely radioactive spent nuclear fuel; more than 160,000 cubic meters of radioactive and hazardous waste; and over 100 million gallons of liquid, high-level radioactive waste. After more than a decade of assessment, the Environmental Management Program estimated that it would need as much as $212 billion and 70 years to clean up the nuclear waste and contamination at 113 sites across the United States. By 2006, the Department of Energy had expended about $90 billion and greatly reduced risks from catastrophic accidents to both the public and its workers. Management of critical nuclear materials had become more efficient, secure, and accountable. Cleanup was complete at three relatively large and complex weapons productions sites, as well as many smaller ones. Yet many problems remain. Long-lived radioactive isotopes discharged into the soil will persist in slow migration, contaminating nearby groundwater. And while their potential for disastrous explosions has been virtually eliminated, storage tanks containing high-level waste will continue to deteriorate, posing further environmental risks. Long-term nuclear repositories will require unremitting management to protect future generations, and additional facilities still need to be developed. As in the past, public participation will be crucial. Lisa Crawford thought she lived across the road from an agricultural feed company--until one day in 1984, the Feed Materials Production Center inFernald, Ohio, released a toxic dust cloud. A year later, Lisa's well tested positive for excess uranium. She and several neighbors formed Fernald Residents for Environmental Safety and Health, or FRESH. We worked with people in the community and with our elected officials. When the government was ready to make legally binding cleanup decisions, FRESH members were involved. It took 22 years, but the work at Fernald was completed in the fall of 2006. In America's Nuclear Wastelands, Max S. Power uses non-technical language to present a brief overview of nuclear weapons history and contamination issues, as well as a description of the institutional and political environment. He provides a background for understanding the major value conflicts and associated political dynamics, and makes recommendations for navigating long-term stewardship, but his key purpose is to demonstrate the critical role of public participation, and in so doing, encourage citizens to take action regarding local and national policies related to nuclear production and waste disposal.

Public Reactions to Nuclear Waste

Public Reactions to Nuclear Waste PDF Author: Riley E. Dunlap
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822313731
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 368
Book Description
Nuclear waste is going nowhere, and neither is the debate over its disposal. The problem, growing every day, has proven intractable, with policymakers on one side, armed with daunting technical data, and the public on the other, declaring: not in my backyard. This timely volume offers a look past our present impasse into the nature and roots of public viewpoints on nuclear waste disposal. A much-needed supplement to the largely technical literature on this problem, the book provides extensive studies of the reaction of citizens--whether rural or urban, near-site residents or prospective visitors--to proposed nuclear waste sites around the nation, particularly Nevada's Yucca Mountain. Conducted by distinguished sociologists, psychologists, political scientists, and economists, these studies constitute the most comprehensive account available of the impact of public perceptions and opinions on the nuclear waste policy process in the United States. As such, the collection will clarify the politics of nuclear waste siting and will give impetus to the stalled debate over the issue. Contributors. Rodney K. Baxter, Julia G. Brody, Bruce Clary, Lori Cramer, William H. Desvousges, Riley E. Dunlap, Douglas Easterling, Judy K. Fleishman, James Flynn, William R. Freudenburg, Michael E. Kraft, Richard S. Krannich, Howard Kunreuther, Mark Layman, Ronald L. Little, Robert Cameron Mitchell, Alvin H. Mushkatel, Joanne M. Nigg, K. David Pijawka, Eugene A. Rosa, Paul Slovic

Challenges of Nuclear Waste Governance

Challenges of Nuclear Waste Governance PDF Author: Achim Brunnengräber
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3658214414
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 333
Book Description
This is volume two of a comparative analysis of nuclear waste governance and public participation in decision-making regarding the storage and siting of high-level radioactive waste and spent fuel in different countries. The contributors examine both the historical and current approaches countries have taken to address the wicked challenge of nuclear waste governance. The analyses discuss the regulations, technology choices, safety criteria, costs and financing issues, compensation schemes, institutional structures, and approaches to public participation found in each country.

Nuclear Reactions

Nuclear Reactions PDF Author: Chuck McCutcheon
Publisher: UNM Press
ISBN: 9780826322098
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 256
Book Description
A journalist and expert in energy and national security issues explores the reaction to New Mexico's Waste Isolation Pilot Plant for disposal of radioactively contaminated items. (Current Affairs)

Nuclear Power in Crisis

Nuclear Power in Crisis PDF Author: Andrew Blowers
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000000575
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 344
Book Description
Originally published in 1987. The Chernobyl disaster intensified the whole debate on the nuclear power industry. There was great public concern about the industry regulation, about the siting of nuclear facilities, including the dumping of nuclear waste, and about the alleged secretiveness of the industry. This book examines these and many other important aspects of the industry worldwide and provides much important original research. It focuses in particular on the political processes which control the industry, on waste disposal and on the social impact.

Deliberative Democracy for the Future

Deliberative Democracy for the Future PDF Author: Genevieve Fuji Johnson
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 080209032X
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 185
Book Description
The theory of deliberative democracy promotes the creation of systems of governance in which citizens actively exchange ideas, engage in debate, and create laws that are responsive to their interests and aspirations. While deliberative processes are being adopted in an increasing number of cases, decision-making power remains mostly in the hands of traditional elites. In Democratic Illusion, Genevieve Fuji Johnson examines four representative examples: participatory budgeting in the Toronto Community Housing Corporation, Deliberative Polling by Nova Scotia Power Incorporated, a national consultation process by the Canadian Nuclear Waste Management Organization, and public consultations embedded in the development of official languages policies in Nunavut. In each case, measures that appeared to empower the public failed to challenge the status quo approach to either formulating or implementing policy. Illuminating a critical gap between deliberative democratic theory and its applications, this timely and important study shows what needs to be done to ensure deliberative processes offer more than the illusion of democracy.