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Linguistic Complexity

Linguistic Complexity PDF Author: Bernd Kortmann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110229226
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 270
Book Description
Linguistic complexity is one of the currently most hotly debated notions in linguistics. The essays in this volume reflect the intricacies of thinking about the complexity of languages and language varieties (here: of English) in three major contact-related fields of (and schools in) linguistics: creolistics, indigenization and nativization studies (i.e. in the realm of English linguistics, the “World Englishes” community), and Second Language Acquisition (SLA) research: How can we adequately assess linguistic complexity? Should we be interested in absolute complexity or rather relative complexity? What is the extent to which language contact and/or (adult) language learning might lead to morphosyntactic simplification? The authors in this volume are all leading linguists in different areas of specialization, and they were asked to elaborate on those facets of linguistic complexity which are most relevant in their area of specialization, and/or which strike them as being most intriguing. The result is a collection of papers that is unique in bringing together leading representatives of three often disjunct fields of linguistic scholarship in which linguistic complexity is seen as a dynamic and inherently variable parameter.

Linguistic Complexity

Linguistic Complexity PDF Author: Bernd Kortmann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110229226
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 270
Book Description
Linguistic complexity is one of the currently most hotly debated notions in linguistics. The essays in this volume reflect the intricacies of thinking about the complexity of languages and language varieties (here: of English) in three major contact-related fields of (and schools in) linguistics: creolistics, indigenization and nativization studies (i.e. in the realm of English linguistics, the “World Englishes” community), and Second Language Acquisition (SLA) research: How can we adequately assess linguistic complexity? Should we be interested in absolute complexity or rather relative complexity? What is the extent to which language contact and/or (adult) language learning might lead to morphosyntactic simplification? The authors in this volume are all leading linguists in different areas of specialization, and they were asked to elaborate on those facets of linguistic complexity which are most relevant in their area of specialization, and/or which strike them as being most intriguing. The result is a collection of papers that is unique in bringing together leading representatives of three often disjunct fields of linguistic scholarship in which linguistic complexity is seen as a dynamic and inherently variable parameter.

Grammatical gender and linguistic complexity I

Grammatical gender and linguistic complexity I PDF Author: Francesca Di Garbo
Publisher: Language Science Press
ISBN: 3961101787
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 350
Book Description
The many facets of grammatical gender remain one of the most fruitful areas of linguistic research, and pose fascinating questions about the origins and development of complexity in language. The present work is a two-volume collection of 13 chapters on the topic of grammatical gender seen through the prism of linguistic complexity. The contributions discuss what counts as complex and/or simple in grammatical gender systems, whether the distribution of gender systems across the world’s languages relates to the language ecology and social history of speech communities. Contributors demonstrate how the complexity of gender systems can be studied synchronically, both in individual languages and over large cross-linguistic samples, and diachronically, by exploring how gender systems change over time. In addition to three chapters on the theoretical foundations of gender complexity, volume one contains six chapters on grammatical gender and complexity in individual languages and language families of Africa, New Guinea, and South Asia. This volume is complemented by volume two, which consists of three chapters providing diachronic and typological case studies, followed by a final chapter discussing old and new theoretical and empirical challenges in the study of the dynamics of gender complexity.

The Growth and Maintenance of Linguistic Complexity

The Growth and Maintenance of Linguistic Complexity PDF Author: Östen Dahl
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027295255
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 333
Book Description
This book studies linguistic complexity and the processes by which it arises and is maintained, focusing not so much on what one can say in a language as how it is said. Complexity is not seen as synonymous with “difficulty” but as an objective property of a system – a measure of the amount of information needed to describe or reconstruct it. Grammatical complexity is the result of historical processes often subsumed under the rubric of grammaticalization and involves what can be called mature linguistic phenomena, that is, features that take time to develop. The nature and characteristics of such processes are discussed in detail, as well as the external and internal factors that favor or disfavor stability and change in language.

Reformulation and Acquisition of Linguistic Complexity

Reformulation and Acquisition of Linguistic Complexity PDF Author: Claire Martinot
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1786303671
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 400
Book Description
Reformulation and Acquisition of Linguistic Complexity proposes a new answer to the question of the appropriation or acquisition of a mother tongue – a complex object, one that is both stable and perpetually evolving. This answer is based on the reformulating principle that children spontaneously apply; a principle that is illustrated here with children retelling the same story. These children are all 6, 8 or 10 years old and speak French, Italian, Croatian or Polish as a first language. This book demonstrates that the acquisition of any mother tongue is explained by the application of various reformulation procedures between source predications and reformulated predications. These procedures are comparable from one language to another, and different from one age group to another. This book also studies certain complex phenomena at the lexical and syntactical levels, and analyzes how children, depending on their age, treat these phenomena. Finally, we show that the acquisition of a mother tongue is a fundamentally linguistic activity.

Grammatical gender and linguistic complexity II

Grammatical gender and linguistic complexity II PDF Author: Francesca Di Garbo
Publisher: Language Science Press
ISBN: 3961101809
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 399
Book Description
The many facets of grammatical gender remain one of the most fruitful areas of linguistic research, and pose fascinating questions about the origins and development of complexity in language. The present work is a two-volume collection of 13 chapters on the topic of grammatical gender seen through the prism of linguistic complexity. The contributions discuss what counts as complex and/or simple in grammatical gender systems, whether the distribution of gender systems across the world’s languages relates to the language ecology and social history of speech communities. Contributors demonstrate how the complexity of gender systems can be studied synchronically, both in individual languages and over large cross-linguistic samples, and diachronically, by exploring how gender systems change over time. Volume two consists of three chapters providing diachronic and typological case studies, followed by a final chapter discussing old and new theoretical and empirical challenges in the study of the dynamics of gender complexity. This volume is preceded by volume one, which, in addition to three chapters on the theoretical foundations of gender complexity, contains six chapters on grammatical gender and complexity in individual languages and language families of Africa, New Guinea, and South Asia.

Language Complexity

Language Complexity PDF Author: Matti Miestamo
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789027231048
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 356
Book Description
Language complexity has recently attracted considerable attention from linguists of many different persuasions. This volume – a thematic selection of papers from the conference Approaches to Complexity in Language, held in Helsinki, August 2005 – is the first collection of articles devoted to the topic. The sixteen chapters of the volume approach the notion of language complexity from a variety of perspectives. The papers are divided into three thematic sections that reflect the central themes of the book: Typology and theory, Contact and change, Creoles and pidgins. The book is mainly intended for typologists, historical linguists, contact linguists and creolists, as well as all linguists interested in language complexity in general. As the first collective volume on a very topical theme, the book is expected to be of lasting interest to the linguistic community.

Linguistic Complexity and Text Comprehension

Linguistic Complexity and Text Comprehension PDF Author: Alice Davison
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN:
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 291
Book Description
Standard readability formulas are widely accepted as reliable means of determining text difficulty for readers. This book examines the shortcomings of these formulas, both for professionals who try to use these formulas to match texts with readers and for others who study how language is understood. Language comprehension experts in cognitive psychology, education, and linguistics present alternative viewpoints concerning the issue of effective readability predictors. The long-term result: new questions raised by the research in this book should help to make texts more comprehensible and to provide a theoretically sound model of language processing and interpretation.

Complexity and Coherence: Approaches to Linguistic Research and Language Teaching

Complexity and Coherence: Approaches to Linguistic Research and Language Teaching PDF Author: Josef Schmied
Publisher: Cuvillier Verlag
ISBN: 3736922159
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 216
Book Description


Second Language Task Complexity

Second Language Task Complexity PDF Author: Peter Robinson
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 902729027X
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 345
Book Description
Understanding how task complexity affects second language learning, interaction and spoken and written performance is essential to informed decisions about task design and sequencing in TBLT programs. The chapters in this volume all examine evidence for claims of the Cognition Hypothesis that complex tasks should promote greater accuracy and complexity of speech and writing, as well as more interaction, and learning of information provided in the input to task performance, than simpler tasks. Implications are drawn concerning the basic pedagogic claim of the Cognition Hypothesis, that tasks should be sequenced for learners from simple to complex during syllabus design. Containing theoretical discussion of the Cognition Hypothesis, and cutting-edge empirical studies of the effects of task complexity on second language learning and performance, this book will be important reading for language teachers, graduate students and researchers in applied linguistics, second language acquisition, and cognitive and educational psychology.

Language Complexity as an Evolving Variable

Language Complexity as an Evolving Variable PDF Author: Geoffrey Sampson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191567663
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 328
Book Description
This book presents a challenge to the widely-held assumption that human languages are both similar and constant in their degree of complexity. For a hundred years or more the universal equality of languages has been a tenet of faith among most anthropologists and linguists. It has been frequently advanced as a corrective to the idea that some languages are at a later stage of evolution than others. It also appears to be an inevitable outcome of one of the central axioms of generative linguistic theory: that the mental architecture of language is fixed and is thus identical in all languages and that whereas genes evolve languages do not. Language Complexity as an Evolving Variable reopens the debate. Geoffrey Sampson's introductory chapter re-examines and clarifies the notion and theoretical importance of complexity in language, linguistics, cognitive science, and evolution. Eighteen distinguished scholars from all over the world then look at evidence gleaned from their own research in order to reconsider whether languages do or do not exhibit the same degrees and kinds of complexity. They examine data from a wide range of times and places. They consider the links between linguistic structure and social complexity and relate their findings to the causes and processes of language change. Their arguments are frequently controversial and provocative; their conclusions add up to an important challenge to conventional ideas about the nature of language. The authors write readably and accessibly with no recourse to unnecessary jargon. This fascinating book will appeal to all those interested in the interrelations between human nature, culture, and language.