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Language Complexity as an Evolving Variable

Language Complexity as an Evolving Variable PDF Author: Geoffrey Sampson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191567663
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 328
Book Description
This book presents a challenge to the widely-held assumption that human languages are both similar and constant in their degree of complexity. For a hundred years or more the universal equality of languages has been a tenet of faith among most anthropologists and linguists. It has been frequently advanced as a corrective to the idea that some languages are at a later stage of evolution than others. It also appears to be an inevitable outcome of one of the central axioms of generative linguistic theory: that the mental architecture of language is fixed and is thus identical in all languages and that whereas genes evolve languages do not. Language Complexity as an Evolving Variable reopens the debate. Geoffrey Sampson's introductory chapter re-examines and clarifies the notion and theoretical importance of complexity in language, linguistics, cognitive science, and evolution. Eighteen distinguished scholars from all over the world then look at evidence gleaned from their own research in order to reconsider whether languages do or do not exhibit the same degrees and kinds of complexity. They examine data from a wide range of times and places. They consider the links between linguistic structure and social complexity and relate their findings to the causes and processes of language change. Their arguments are frequently controversial and provocative; their conclusions add up to an important challenge to conventional ideas about the nature of language. The authors write readably and accessibly with no recourse to unnecessary jargon. This fascinating book will appeal to all those interested in the interrelations between human nature, culture, and language.

Language Complexity as an Evolving Variable

Language Complexity as an Evolving Variable PDF Author: Geoffrey Sampson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191567663
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 328
Book Description
This book presents a challenge to the widely-held assumption that human languages are both similar and constant in their degree of complexity. For a hundred years or more the universal equality of languages has been a tenet of faith among most anthropologists and linguists. It has been frequently advanced as a corrective to the idea that some languages are at a later stage of evolution than others. It also appears to be an inevitable outcome of one of the central axioms of generative linguistic theory: that the mental architecture of language is fixed and is thus identical in all languages and that whereas genes evolve languages do not. Language Complexity as an Evolving Variable reopens the debate. Geoffrey Sampson's introductory chapter re-examines and clarifies the notion and theoretical importance of complexity in language, linguistics, cognitive science, and evolution. Eighteen distinguished scholars from all over the world then look at evidence gleaned from their own research in order to reconsider whether languages do or do not exhibit the same degrees and kinds of complexity. They examine data from a wide range of times and places. They consider the links between linguistic structure and social complexity and relate their findings to the causes and processes of language change. Their arguments are frequently controversial and provocative; their conclusions add up to an important challenge to conventional ideas about the nature of language. The authors write readably and accessibly with no recourse to unnecessary jargon. This fascinating book will appeal to all those interested in the interrelations between human nature, culture, and language.

Complexity, Isolation, and Variation

Complexity, Isolation, and Variation PDF Author: Raffaela Baechler
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110348969
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 175
Book Description
Complexity of grammatical structure has become a center of interest in recent typological and dialectological research. The contributions of the present volume discuss structural complexity from the perspective of language variation and change. Particular attention is paid to the hypothesis that languages and varieties spoken by small, isolated communities tend to display greater complexity than others.

Complexity Perspectives on Language, Communication and Society

Complexity Perspectives on Language, Communication and Society PDF Author: Àngels Massip-Bonet
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642328172
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 256
Book Description
The “language-communication-society” triangle defies traditional scientific approaches. Rather, it is a phenomenon that calls for an integration of complex, transdisciplinary perspectives, if we are to make any progress in understanding how it works. The highly diverse agents in play are not merely cognitive and/or cultural, but also emotional and behavioural in their specificity. Indeed, the effort may require building a theoretical and methodological body of knowledge that can effectively convey the characteristic properties of phenomena in human terms. New complexity approaches allow us to rethink our limited and mechanistic images of human societies and create more appropriate emo-cognitive dynamic and holistic models. We have to enter into dialogue with the complexity views coming out of other more ‘material’ sciences, but we also need to take steps in the linguistic and psycho-sociological fields towards creating perspectives and concepts better fitted to human characteristics. Our understanding of complexity is different – but not opposed – to the one that is more commonly found in texts written by people working in physics or computer science, for example. The goal of this book is to extend the knowledge of these other more ‘human’ or socially oriented perspectives on complexity, taking account of the language and communication singularities of human agents in society. Our understanding of complexity is different – but not opposed – to the one that is more commonly found in texts written by people working in physics or computer science, for example. The goal of this book is to extend the knowledge of these other more ‘human’ or socially oriented perspectives on complexity, taking account of the language and communication singularities of human agents in society.

Linguistic Complexity

Linguistic Complexity PDF Author: Bernd Kortmann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110229226
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 270
Book Description
Linguistic complexity is one of the currently most hotly debated notions in linguistics. The essays in this volume reflect the intricacies of thinking about the complexity of languages and language varieties (here: of English) in three major contact-related fields of (and schools in) linguistics: creolistics, indigenization and nativization studies (i.e. in the realm of English linguistics, the “World Englishes” community), and Second Language Acquisition (SLA) research: How can we adequately assess linguistic complexity? Should we be interested in absolute complexity or rather relative complexity? What is the extent to which language contact and/or (adult) language learning might lead to morphosyntactic simplification? The authors in this volume are all leading linguists in different areas of specialization, and they were asked to elaborate on those facets of linguistic complexity which are most relevant in their area of specialization, and/or which strike them as being most intriguing. The result is a collection of papers that is unique in bringing together leading representatives of three often disjunct fields of linguistic scholarship in which linguistic complexity is seen as a dynamic and inherently variable parameter.

The Evolution of Language

The Evolution of Language PDF Author: C. Scott-Philips Thomas
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814401501
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 599
Book Description
Proceedings of Evolang IX, the 9th International Conference on the Evolution of Language. The Evolang conferences are the leading international conferences for new findings in the study of the origins and evolution of language. They attract a multidisciplinary audience. The proceedings are an important resource for researchers in the field.

Advances in Computational Intelligence

Advances in Computational Intelligence PDF Author: Ignacio Rojas
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319192582
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 612
Book Description
This two-volume set LNCS 9094 and LNCS 9095 constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 13th International Work-Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, IWANN 2015, held in Palma de Mallorca, Spain, in June 2013. The 99 revised full papers presented together with 1 invited talk were carefully reviewed and selected from 195 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on brain-computer interfaces: applications and tele-services; multi-robot systems: applications and theory (MRSAT); video and image processing; transfer learning; structures, algorithms and methods in artificial intelligence; interactive and cognitive environments; mathematical and theoretical methods in fuzzy systems; pattern recognition; embedded intelligent systems; expert systems; advances in computational intelligence; and applications of computational intelligence.

The Evolution of Language

The Evolution of Language PDF Author: Thomas C Scott-Phillips
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981440151X
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 600
Book Description
Proceedings of Evolang IX, the 9th International Conference on the Evolution of Language. The Evolang conferences are the leading international conferences for new findings in the study of the origins and evolution of language. They attract a multidisciplinary audience. The proceedings are an important resource for researchers in the field. Contents:Evolutionary Parallels between Language and Tool Use (Michael A Arbib)Cortico–Cortical and Cortico–Cerebellar Computations in Language Change (Giorgos P Argyropoulos)The Case for Neanderthal Language — How Strong is It? (Sverker Johansson)Meanings of Touching Object Parts in Pointing (Harumi Kobayashi and Tetsuya Yasuda)Robustness as a Design Feature of Speech Communication (Bodo Winter and Morten H Christiansen)The Exponent of Zipf's Law in Language Ontogeny (Jaume Baixeries, Ramon Ferrer-i-Cancho and Brita Elvevåg)and other papers Readership: Graduate students, academics and researchers working on the evolution of language, artificial intelligence, genetics and psychology. Keywords:Language Evolution;Evolution of Language;EVOLANG;Linguistics

Language Complexity

Language Complexity PDF Author: Matti Miestamo
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789027231048
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 356
Book Description
Language complexity has recently attracted considerable attention from linguists of many different persuasions. This volume – a thematic selection of papers from the conference Approaches to Complexity in Language, held in Helsinki, August 2005 – is the first collection of articles devoted to the topic. The sixteen chapters of the volume approach the notion of language complexity from a variety of perspectives. The papers are divided into three thematic sections that reflect the central themes of the book: Typology and theory, Contact and change, Creoles and pidgins. The book is mainly intended for typologists, historical linguists, contact linguists and creolists, as well as all linguists interested in language complexity in general. As the first collective volume on a very topical theme, the book is expected to be of lasting interest to the linguistic community.

Changing English

Changing English PDF Author: Markku Filppula
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110429659
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 361
Book Description
This book examines the special nature of English both as a global and a local language, focusing on some of the ongoing changes and on the emerging new structural and discoursal characteristics of varieties of English. Although it is widely recognised that processes of language change and contact bear affinities, for example, to processes observable in second-language acquisition and lingua franca use, the research into these fields has so far not been sufficiently brought into contact with each other. The articles in this volume set out to combine all these perspectives in ways that give us a better understanding of the changing nature of English in the modern world.

Morphological Typology

Morphological Typology PDF Author: Gregory Stump
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107029244
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 402
Book Description
This radically new approach to morphological typology is designed to engage graduate students and academic researchers.