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Intellectuals and the Articulation of the Nation

Intellectuals and the Articulation of the Nation PDF Author: Ronald Grigor Suny
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472088287
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 430
Book Description
An interdisciplinary look at the role of intellectuals in the making of nations

Intellectuals and the Articulation of the Nation

Intellectuals and the Articulation of the Nation PDF Author: Ronald Grigor Suny
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472088287
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 430
Book Description
An interdisciplinary look at the role of intellectuals in the making of nations

Russian Liberal Intellectuals and the Articulation of the Nation (the Late 1980s to Early 1990s)

Russian Liberal Intellectuals and the Articulation of the Nation (the Late 1980s to Early 1990s) PDF Author: Yuliya Kalnaus
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 284
Book Description
The following thesis investigates the development of Russian liberal intellectuals' discourse on the Russian national identity and the Russian nation from the late 1980s to early 1990s. This study seeks an answer to the question as to what concepts of the nation were supported by Russian liberal intellectuals, and what was the overall legacy of this particular group for the Russian nation-building process. This work argues that Russian liberal intellectuals underwent a social identity crisis while trying to redefine their position within a century-old triangle of "intellectuals- narod (the people)- vlast '(state/power)." This crisis directly affected Russian liberal intellectuals' discourse on the nation-building process. The majority of Russian liberal intellectuals supported the primordial vision of Russia, described along ethnic and linguistic lines. A civic nationalism was supported by a fraction of intellectuals after the concepts of the narod and the vlast ' were reformulated as unsuitable for the nation-construction. Nevertheless, Russian liberal intellectuals' discourse on nation helped to envision an independent Russia outside of the USSR. Russian liberal intellectuals brought liberal values such as individualism and democracy, civil liberties, and human rights into the political discourse and into the discourse on the Russian national identity. At the same time, they constructed Russianness on the contradictory notion of universalism and uniqueness, as rooted in an imperial identity with the leading role of ethnic Russians over the territory with unclear geographical, cultural, and political borders. This version of Russianness was envisioned by liberal intellectuals as closely connected to their leading role among ethnic Russians.

Ukrainian Intelligentsia in Post-Soviet L'viv

Ukrainian Intelligentsia in Post-Soviet L'viv PDF Author: Eleonora Narvselius
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739164708
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 432
Book Description
This study brings into focus the issue of reproduction and transformation of cultural authority in the so-called post-Soviet context. Being anchored to sociological theories on intellectual autonomy and empowerment through narrativization, it approaches daily practices, situations and popular narratives which bring insight into everyday concerns and motivations of the educated Western Ukrainians.

Roma in Europe

Roma in Europe PDF Author: Ioana Bunescu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317061896
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 228
Book Description
This path-breaking book explains the processes through which the heterogeneous population of Roma in Europe constitutes itself into a transnational collective identity through the practices and discourses of everyday life, as well as through those of identity politics. It illustrates how the collective identity formation of the Roma in Europe is constituted simultaneously in the local, national, and European contexts, drawing attention to the mismatches and gaps between these levels, as well as the creative opportunities for achieving this political aim. Bunescu demonstrates that the differences and stereotypes between the Roma and the non-Roma, as well as those among different groups of Roma, fulfil a politically creative function for the constitution of a unified transnational collective identity for the Roma in Europe. The book is unique - comprising chapters ranging from local ethnographic accounts of inter-ethnic relations of rural Roma in a Transylvanian village, to interviews with international Roma political activists, controversial Roma kings, and an extensive chapter on their role of bridging the local and the higher levels of identity politics, visual depictions of a diversity of Roma living spaces and interpretations of the politics of space in private dwellings, as well as in public venues, such as at Roma international festivals.

Cultivating Nationhood in Imperial Russia

Cultivating Nationhood in Imperial Russia PDF Author: Lisa Khachaturian
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351524674
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 256
Book Description
Nineteenth-century Armenia was a zone of competition between the Persian, Ottoman, and the Russian Empires. Yet over the course of the century a new generation of Armenian journalists, scholars, and writers worked to transform their geographically, socially, and linguistically fragmented communities threatened by regional isolation and dissent, into a patriotic and nationally conscious population. Lisa Khachaturian seeks to explain how this profoundly divided society managed to achieve a common cultural bond.The national project that captivated nineteenth-century Eastern Armenian intellectuals was a daunting task, especially since their efforts were directed in the Caucasus--a territory known for its volatile history, its ethnic heterogeneity, and its linguistic complexity. Although this cultural and social maelstrom was both aggravated and tempered by the new Russian arena of economic growth, urban development, and heightened technology and communication, diversity was hardly a recent phenomenon in the region; it had been an endemic part of Caucasian history for centuries. Armenians were no exception to this. While the Georgians, bound to their landed nobility, generally lived within kingdoms, the Armenians experienced centuries of forced resettlement, migration, and centuries of habitation among other peoples. Some Armenians had settled in faraway countries, but many remained in scattered colonies within the boundaries of historic Armenia.This is a study of the formation of modern Armenian national consciousness under Imperial Russian rule. The Tsarist acquisition of Armenian-populated territory and consequent efforts to integrate this territory into the empire imposed sufficient unity to provide a basis for a nascent national movement. The particular influences of Russian imperial rule met the Eastern Armenian communities to create a new environment for a modern national revival. This book reviews how nineteenth-century Armenian intellectuals discussed and conceived of the nation through the formation of the Armenian press. This is a rare blend of national culture and communication networking.

The Spectacular State

The Spectacular State PDF Author: Laura L. Adams
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822392534
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 253
Book Description
Laura L. Adams offers unique insight into nation building in Central Asia during the post-Soviet era through an exploration of Uzbekistan’s production of national culture in the 1990s. As she explains, after independence the Uzbek government maintained a monopoly over ideology, exploiting the remaining Soviet institutional and cultural legacies. The state expressed national identity through tightly controlled mass spectacles, including theatrical and musical performances. Adams focuses on these events, particularly the massive outdoor concerts the government staged on the two biggest national holidays, Navro’z, the spring equinox celebration, and Independence Day. Her analysis of the content, form, and production of these ceremonies shows how Uzbekistan’s cultural and political elites engaged in a highly directed, largely successful program of nation building through culture. Adams draws on her observations and interviews conducted with artists, intellectuals, and bureaucrats involved in the production of Uzbekistan’s national culture. These elites used globalized cultural forms such as Olympics-style spectacle to showcase local, national, and international aspects of official culture. While these state-sponsored extravaganzas were intended to be displays of Uzbekistan’s ethnic and civic national identity, Adams found that cultural renewal in the decade after Uzbekistan’s independence was not so much a rejection of Soviet power as it was a re-appropriation of Soviet methods of control and ideas about culture. The public sphere became more restricted than it had been in Soviet times, even as Soviet-era ideas about ethnic and national identity paved the way for Uzbekistan to join a more open global community.

Blood and Culture

Blood and Culture PDF Author: Cynthia Miller-Idriss
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822391147
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 253
Book Description
Over the past decade, immigration and globalization have significantly altered Europe’s cultural and ethnic landscape, foregrounding questions of national belonging. In Blood and Culture, Cynthia Miller-Idriss provides a rich ethnographic analysis of how patterns of national identity are constructed and transformed across generations. Drawing on research she conducted at German vocational schools between 1999 and 2004, Miller-Idriss examines how the working-class students and their middle-class, college-educated teachers wrestle with their different views about citizenship and national pride. The cultural and demographic trends in Germany are broadly indicative of those underway throughout Europe, yet the country’s role in the Second World War and the Holocaust makes national identity, and particularly national pride, a difficult issue for Germans. Because the vocational-school teachers are mostly members of a generation that came of age in the 1960s and 1970s and hold their parents’ generation responsible for National Socialism, many see national pride as symptomatic of fascist thinking. Their students, on the other hand, want to take pride in being German. Miller-Idriss describes a new understanding of national belonging emerging among young Germans—one in which cultural assimilation takes precedence over blood or ethnic heritage. Moreover, she argues that teachers’ well-intentioned, state-sanctioned efforts to counter nationalist pride often create a backlash, making radical right-wing groups more appealing to their students. Miller-Idriss argues that the state’s efforts to shape national identity are always tempered and potentially transformed as each generation reacts to the official conception of what the nation “ought” to be.

Media, Nationalism and European Identities

Media, Nationalism and European Identities PDF Author: Mikl¢s S�k”sd
Publisher: Central European University Press
ISBN: 9639776742
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 428
Book Description
This volume brings together research contributions on the interface between media, identities and the public sphere in contemporary Europe. It contains information spanning theoretical insights and the elaboration of original case studies. Particularly welcome is the effort to bring together discussion on media industries and cultural identification and the experiences of East and West."-Paul Statham, Professor of Sociology, University of Bristol Mikl=s Snk÷sd is Associate Professor at the Journalism and Media Studies Centre, The University of Hong Kong. Karol Jakubowicz is Senior Adviser to the Chairman of the National Broadcasting Council of Poland.

Globalizing Knowledge

Globalizing Knowledge PDF Author: Michael D. Kennedy
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804793441
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 424
Book Description
Heralding a push for higher education to adopt a more global perspective, the term "globalizing knowledge" is today a popular catchphrase among academics and their circles. The complications and consequences of this desire for greater worldliness, however, are rarely considered critically. In this groundbreaking cultural-political sociology of knowledge and change, Michael D. Kennedy rearticulates questions, approaches, and case studies to clarify intellectuals' and institutions' responsibilities in a world defined by transformation and crisis. Globalizing Knowledge introduces the stakes of globalizing knowledge before examining how intellectuals and their institutions and networks shape and are shaped by globalization and world-historical events from 2001 through the uprisings of 2011–13. But Kennedy is not only concerned with elaborating how wisdom is maintained and transmitted, he also asks how we can recognize both interconnectedness and inequalities, and possibilities for more knowledgeable change within and beyond academic circles. Subsequent chapters are devoted to issues of public engagement, the importance of recognizing difference and the local's implication in the global, and the specific ways in which knowledge, images, and symbols are shared globally. Kennedy considers numerous case studies, from historical happenings in Poland, Kosova, Ukraine, and Afghanistan, to today's energy crisis, Pussy Riot, the Occupy Movement, and beyond, to illuminate how knowledge functions and might be used to affect good in the world.

Whose Bosnia?

Whose Bosnia? PDF Author: Edin Hajdarpasic
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 150170110X
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 288
Book Description
As Edin Hajdarpasic shows, formative contestations over Bosnia and the surrounding region began well the assassination that triggered World War I, emerging with the rise of new nineteenth-century forces—Serbian and Croatian nationalisms, and Ottoman, Habsburg, Muslim, and Yugoslav political movements—that claimed this province as their own. Whose Bosnia? reveals the political pressures and moral arguments that made Bosnia a prime target of escalating nationalist activity. Hajdarpasic provides new insight into central themes of modern politics, illuminating core subjects like "the people," state-building, and national suffering. Whose Bosnia? proposes a new figure in the history of nationalism: the (br)other, a character signifying the potential of being "brother" and "Other," containing the fantasy of complete assimilation and insurmountable difference. By bringing this figure into focus, Whose Bosnia? shows nationalism to be a dynamic and open-ended force, one that eludes a clear sense of historical closure.