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Complexity, Isolation, and Variation

Complexity, Isolation, and Variation PDF Author: Raffaela Baechler
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110348969
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 175
Book Description
Complexity of grammatical structure has become a center of interest in recent typological and dialectological research. The contributions of the present volume discuss structural complexity from the perspective of language variation and change. Particular attention is paid to the hypothesis that languages and varieties spoken by small, isolated communities tend to display greater complexity than others.

Complexity, Isolation, and Variation

Complexity, Isolation, and Variation PDF Author: Raffaela Baechler
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110348969
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 175
Book Description
Complexity of grammatical structure has become a center of interest in recent typological and dialectological research. The contributions of the present volume discuss structural complexity from the perspective of language variation and change. Particular attention is paid to the hypothesis that languages and varieties spoken by small, isolated communities tend to display greater complexity than others.

Complexity, Isolation, and Variation

Complexity, Isolation, and Variation PDF Author: Raffaela Baechler
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110386453
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 175
Book Description
Complexity of grammatical structure has become a center of interest in recent typological and dialectological research. The contributions of the present volume discuss structural complexity from the perspective of language variation and change. Particular attention is paid to the hypothesis that languages and varieties spoken by small, isolated communities tend to display greater complexity than others.

Complexity, isolation and variation

Complexity, isolation and variation PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 170
Book Description


The Complexities of Morphology

The Complexities of Morphology PDF Author: Peter Arkadiev
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192605518
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 368
Book Description
This volume explores the multiple aspects of morphological complexity, investigating primarily whether certain aspects of morphology can be considered more complex than others, and how that complexity can be measured. The book opens with a detailed introduction from the editors that critically assesses the foundational assumptions that inform contemporary approaches to morphological complexity. In the chapters that follow, the volume's expert contributors approach the topic from typological, acquisitional, sociolinguistic, and diachronic perspectives; the concluding chapter offers an overview of these various approaches, with a focus on the minimum description length principle. The analyses are based on rich empirical data from both well-known languages such as Russian and lesser-studied languages from Africa, Australia, and the Americas, as well as experimental data from artificial language learning.

The Cambridge Handbook of World Englishes

The Cambridge Handbook of World Englishes PDF Author: Daniel Schreier
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108581382
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
The plural form 'Englishes' conveys the diversity of English as a global language, pinpointing the growth and existence of a large number of national, regional and social forms. The global spread of English and the new varieties that have emerged around the world has grown to be a vast area of study and research, which intersects multiple disciplines. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and authoritative survey of World Englishes from 1600 to the present day. Covering topics such as variationist sociolinguistics, pragmatics, contact linguistics, linguistic anthropology, corpus- and applied linguistics and language history, it combines discussion of traditional topics with a variety of innovative approaches. The chapters, all written by internationally acclaimed authorities, provide up-to-date discussions of the evolution of different Englishes around the globe, a comprehensive coverage of different models and approaches, and some original perspectives on current challenges.

Bermudian English

Bermudian English PDF Author: Nicole Eberle
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027260044
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 231
Book Description
Bermudian English. A sociohistorical and linguistic profile focuses on a hitherto severely under-researched variety of English. The book traces the origins and development of Bermudian English, so as to situate the variety within the canon of other lesser-known varieties of English, and provides a first in-depth description of its variable morphosyntactic structure. Relying on sociolinguistic interview data and combining qualitative, typological and quantitative, variationist analyses of selected morphosyntactic features, it sheds light on structural affiliations of Bermudian English and argues for a two-way transfer pattern where Bermudian English plays an important role in the development of a number of other English(-based) varieties in the wider geographical region. Complementing existing studies which document such varieties, this book contributes to the body of research that describes the diversity of English(-based) varieties around the globe, filling a notable gap.

Adaptive Languages

Adaptive Languages PDF Author: Christian Bentz
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110560100
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 233
Book Description
Languages carry information. To fulfil this purpose, they employ a multitude of coding strategies. This book explores a core property of linguistic coding – called lexical diversity. Parallel text corpora of overall more than 1800 texts written in more than 1200 languages are the basis for computational analyses. Different measures of lexical diversity are discussed and tested, and Shannon’s measure of uncertainty – the entropy – is chosen to assess differences in the distributions of words. To further explain this variation, a range of descriptive, explanatory, and grouping factors are considered in a series of statistical models. The first category includes writing systems, word-formation patterns, registers and styles. The second category includes population size, non-native speaker proportions and language status. Grouping factors further elicit whether the results extrapolate across – or are limited to – specific language families and areas. This account marries information-theoretic methods with a complex systems framework, illustrating how languages adapt to the varying needs of their users. It sheds light on the puzzling diversity of human languages in a quantitative, data driven and reproducible manner.

Change of Paradigms – New Paradoxes

Change of Paradigms – New Paradoxes PDF Author: Jocelyne Daems
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110435594
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 397
Book Description
In Paradigm and Paradox, Dirk Geeraerts formulated many of the basic tenets that were to form what Cognitive Linguistics is today. Change of Paradigms –New Paradoxes links back to this seminal work, exploring which of the original theories and ideas still stand strong, which new questions have arisen and which ensuing new paradoxes need to be addressed. It thus reveals how Cognitive Linguistics has developed and diversified over the past decades.

Germanic Genitives

Germanic Genitives PDF Author: Tanja Ackermann
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027264473
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 327
Book Description
The papers in this volume focus on the dynamics of one specific cell in morphological paradigms – the genitive. The high amount of diachronic and synchronic variation in all Germanic languages makes the genitive a particularly interesting phenomenon since it allows us, for example, to examine comparable but slightly different diachronic pathways, the relation of synchronic and diachronic variation, and the interplay of linguistic levels (phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics). The findings in this book enhance our understanding of the genitive not only by describing its properties, but also by discussing its demarcation from functional competitors and related grammatical items. Under-researched aspects of well-described languages as well as from lesser-known languages (Faroese, Frisian, Luxembourgish, Yiddish) are examined. The papers included are methodologically diverse and the topics covered range from morphology, syntax, and semantics to the influence of (normative) grammars and the perception and prestige of grammatical items.

Applications of Systems Thinking and Soft Operations Research in Managing Complexity

Applications of Systems Thinking and Soft Operations Research in Managing Complexity PDF Author: Anthony J. Masys
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319211064
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 322
Book Description
This book captures current trends and developments in the field of systems thinking and soft operations research which can be applied to solve today's problems of dynamic complexity and interdependency. Such ‘wicked problems’ and messes are seemingly intractable problems characterized as value-laden, ambiguous, and unstable, that resist being tamed by classical problem solving. Actions and interventions associated with this complex problem space can have highly unpredictable and unintended consequences. Examples of such complex problems include health care reform, global climate change, transnational serious and organized crime, terrorism, homeland security, human security, disaster management, and humanitarian aid. Moving towards the development of solutions to these complex problem spaces depends on the lens we use to examine them and how we frame the problem. It will be shown that systems thinking and soft operations research has had great success in contributing to the management of complexity.