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Moral Disagreement

Moral Disagreement PDF Author: Folke Tersman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521853385
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 141
Book Description
Folke Tersman explores the nature of moral thinking by examining moral disagreement.

Moral Disagreement

Moral Disagreement PDF Author: Folke Tersman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521853385
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 141
Book Description
Folke Tersman explores the nature of moral thinking by examining moral disagreement.

Moral Disagreement

Moral Disagreement PDF Author: Richard Rowland
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429957718
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 258
Book Description
Widespread moral disagreement raises ethical, epistemological, political, and metaethical questions. Is the best explanation of our widespread moral disagreements that there are no objective moral facts and that moral relativism is correct? Or should we think that just as there is widespread disagreement about whether we have free will but there is still an objective fact about whether we have it, similarly, moral disagreement has no bearing on whether morality is objective? More practically, is it arrogant to stick to our guns in the face of moral disagreement? Must we suspend belief about the morality of controversial actions such as eating meat and having an abortion? And does moral disagreement affect the laws that we should have? For instance, does disagreement about the justice of heavily redistributive taxation affect whether such taxation is legitimate? In this thorough and clearly written introduction to moral disagreement and its philosophical and practical implications, Richard Rowland examines and assesses the following topics and questions: How does moral disagreement affect what we should do and believe in our day-to-day lives? Epistemic peerhood and moral disagreements with our epistemic peers. Metaethics and moral disagreement. Relativism, moral objectivity, moral realism, and non-cognitivism. Moral disagreement and normative ethics. Liberalism, democracy, and disagreement. Moral compromise. Moral uncertainty. Combining clear philosophical analysis with summaries of the latest research and suggestions for further reading, Moral Disagreement is ideal for students of ethics, metaethics, political philosophy, and philosophical topics that are closely related, such as relativism and scepticism. It will also be of interest to those in related disciplines such as public policy and philosophy of law.

Living with Moral Disagreement

Living with Moral Disagreement PDF Author: Michele S. Moses
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022634438X
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 135
Book Description
The book comes at a moment in United States history defined by the first Black president, as well as by discussions of whether race still matters in public life, and a shift in the debates over how best to address issues of equality of educational opportunity: equity-focused policies or achievement-focused policies. Within this sociopolitical context, the disagreement about affirmative action in higher education admissions continues, most significantly through state ballot initiatives and court challenges. Philosopher of education Michele Moses wants to improve the deliberation over affirmative action in hopes of a mutually acceptable resolution of the moral controversy. We must understand the moral and political underpinnings of the debate--the persistent moral disagreement about affirmative action's role in our democratic society--so that concepts such as equality of educational opportunity can be understood in a meaningful way, rather than merely as slogans that can be endorsed easily by people with quite different ideological perspectives and policy ideas. Moses first provides a philosophical analysis of the enduring moral disagreement about affirmative action in light of court rulings and pieces of state legislation related to affirmative action and race-conscious education policy. Second, she explores the role of disagreement in democracy and how education scholars can participate in and promote public dialogue and deliberation around issues of deep moral disagreement. Affirmative action provides an analytically interesting instance of controversial race-conscious education policy that has profound implications for equality and diversity in higher education. Moses brings political philosophy to bear on reshaping the scholarly conversation around affirmative action, with implications for other deeply contested education policy issues that affect equality of educational opportunity.

Moral Disagreements

Moral Disagreements PDF Author: Christopher W. Gowans
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134604564
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 278
Book Description
Can moral disagreements be rationally resolved? Can universal human rights be defended in face of moral disagreements? The problem of moral disagreement is one of the central problems in moral thinking. It also provides a stimulating stepping-stone to some of the perennial problems of philosophy, such as relativism, scepticism, and objectivity. Moral Disagreements is the first anthology to bring together classic and contemporary readings on this key topic. Clearly divided into five parts; The Historical Debate; Voices from Anthropology; Challenges to Moral Objectivity; Defenses of Moral Objectivity; and New Directions, the anthology presents readings from the following key thinkers: * Sextus, Empiricus, Chagnon, Wong, MacIntyre * Aquinas, Shweder, Brink, Rawls * Montaigne, Turner, Nussbaum, Narayan * Hume, Mackie, Gewirth * Nietzsche, Williams, Berlin. A distinctive feature of the anthology is that it brings philosophers into dialogue with well-known anthropologists. Also included is a comprehensive introduction by Christopher Gowans, introducing the problem of moral disagreement to those coming to the topic for the first time.

Sovereign Equality and Moral Disagreement

Sovereign Equality and Moral Disagreement PDF Author: Brad Roth
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195342666
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 303
Book Description
The boundaries of the international order's pluralism remain variable, and relative convergences in both values and interests over time have led to the broadening of exceptions to sovereign prerogative, such as jus cogens, universal jurisdiction, and humanitarian intervention. With little prospect of these long term trends diminishing in either momentum or scope, this book weighs in to consider the enduring importance of sovereignty.

Democracy and Disagreement

Democracy and Disagreement PDF Author: Amy Gutmann
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674038066
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 432
Book Description
Gutmann and Thompson show how a deliberative democracy can address some of our most difficult controversies--from abortion and affirmative action to health care and welfare--and can allow diverse groups to reason together.

Moral Disagreements in Business

Moral Disagreements in Business PDF Author: Marian Eabrasu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319970100
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 134
Book Description
This book disassembles the moral assessment of business practices into its constituent parts to identify and clarify the four key concepts that form the basis of important moral disagreements in business: ‘personhood,’ ‘ownership,’ ‘harm,’ and ‘consent.’ ‘Moral bottom lines’ are those fundamental concepts in business ethics that ultimately account for our most resilient moral claims and unsurpassable convictions, and exploring them provides essential insights into the grounds on which we disagree in business ethics. This analysis is useful for students in business school looking to understand fundamental moral disagreements in business and for practitioners interested in connecting practice with their own moral intuitions. The book also challenges scholars of business ethics by arguing that we can reduce business ethics disagreements to these four issues. "This is the most refreshing book on business ethics to appear in a long time. By focusing on 'personhood,' 'ownership,' 'harm,' and 'consent,' Eabrasu brings a new level of clarity and insight into disagreements on business ethic issues. Rather than reaching for an artificial utopian resolution, he embraces the challenge of explaining why we disagree. This is a must-read for serious business ethic scholars."Nicolas CapaldiLoyola University New OrleansLegendre-Soulé Distinguished Chair in Business Ethics

Deliberative Politics : Essays on Democracy and Disagreement

Deliberative Politics : Essays on Democracy and Disagreement PDF Author: Stephen Macedo Laurance S. Rockefeller Professor of Politics and the University Center for Human Values Princeton University
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195351134
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 304
Book Description
The banner of deliberative democracy is attracting increasing numbers of supporters, in both the world's older and newer democracies. This effort to renew democratic politics is widely seen as a reaction to the dominance of liberal constitutionalism. But many questions surround this new project. What does deliberative democracy stand for? What difference would deliberative practices make in the real world of political conflict and public policy design? What is the relationship between deliberative politics and liberal constitutional arrangements? The 1996 publication of Amy Gutmann and Dennis F. Thompsons Democracy and Disagreement was a signal contribution to the ongoing debate over the role of moral deliberation in democratic politics. In Deliberative Politics an all-star cast of political, legal, and moral commentators seek to criticize, extend, or provide alternatives to Gutmann and Thompson's hopeful model of democratic deliberation. The essays discuss the value and limits of moral deliberation in politics, and take up practical policy issues such as abortion, affirmative action, and health care reform. Among the impressive roster of contributors are Norman Daniels, Stanley Fish, William A. Galston, Jane Mansbridge, Cass R. Sunstein, Michael Walzer, and Iris Marion Young, and the editor of the volume, Stephen Macedo. The book concludes with a thoughtful response from Gutmann and Thompson to their esteemed critics. This fine collection is essential reading for anyone who takes seriously the call for a more deliberative politics.

Disagreement and Skepticism

Disagreement and Skepticism PDF Author: Diego E. Machuca
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415532833
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 304
Book Description
The thirteen essays in this volume explore for the first time the possible skeptical implications of disagreement in different areas and from different perspectives, with an emphasis in the current debate about the epistemic significance of disagreement. They represent a new contribution to the study of the connection between disagreement and skepticism in epistemology, metaethics, ancient philosophy, and metaphilosophy.

Political Pluralism, Disagreement and Justice

Political Pluralism, Disagreement and Justice PDF Author: Julian F. Müller
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315391015
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 222
Book Description
This book poses the question: How can we organize society in such a way that our disagreement about facts and norms works to the benefit of everyone? In response, it makes the argument for polycentric democracy, a political arrangement consisting of various political units that enjoy different degrees of independence. It is argued that to progress towards justice, we first need to change our attitude towards reasonable disagreement. Theorists have always viewed reasonable disagreement as nuisance, if not as a threat. However, this work puts forward that the diversity of perspectives which underlie reasonable disagreement should be viewed as a resource to be harvested rather than a threat to be tamed. Resting on two key arguments, the author proposes the idea of polycentric democracy as the most capable method of making pluralism productive. The book explores what such a political order might look like and concludes that only an institutional system which is capable of profiting from diversity, such as polycentric democracy, might reasonably be expected to generate an overlapping consensus. Continuing in the tradition of Karl Popper and Friedrich August von Hayek, this book lies at the intersection of philosophy, political economy and political theory. It will be of great interest to academics and scholars working in philosophy, politics and economics.