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Materialism and the Mind-body Problem

Materialism and the Mind-body Problem PDF Author: David M. Rosenthal
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 9780872204782
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 315
Book Description
The original 1971 anthology, now considered classic, remains intact, but a new section of five essays has been added exploring mind-body materialism in light of recent concerns about how to characterize the various kinds of mental phenomena, and how these phenomena figure in psychological explanations. The introduction and the bibliography too have been augmented rather than revised. Annotation copyrighted by Book News Inc., Portland, OR

Materialism and the Mind-body Problem

Materialism and the Mind-body Problem PDF Author: David M. Rosenthal
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 9780872204782
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 315
Book Description
The original 1971 anthology, now considered classic, remains intact, but a new section of five essays has been added exploring mind-body materialism in light of recent concerns about how to characterize the various kinds of mental phenomena, and how these phenomena figure in psychological explanations. The introduction and the bibliography too have been augmented rather than revised. Annotation copyrighted by Book News Inc., Portland, OR

The Mind–Body Problem

The Mind–Body Problem PDF Author: Mario Bunge
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483150127
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 266
Book Description
The Mind–Body Problem: A Psychobiological Approach examines the mind-body problem from a psychobiological perspective. It intends to show that the idea of a separate mental entity is not only unwarranted by the available data and the existing psychological models, but collides head-on with the most fundamental ideas of all modern science and is thus a stumbling block to progress. The book abandons ordinary language in favor of the state space language, which is mathematically precise and is shared by science and scientific philosophy. Comprised of 10 chapters, this monograph begins with an overview of the mind-body problem and its main proposed solutions, classified into main genera: psychophysical monism and psychophysical dualism. In particular, ten views on the mind-body problem are analyzed, along with three main varieties of materialism with regards to the problem: eliminative, reductive (or leveling), and emergentist. The discussion then turns to the notion of a concrete or material system, based on the assumption that behavior is an external manifestation of neural processes. Subsequent chapters explore the specific functions of the central nervous system; sensation and perception; behavior and motivation; memory and learning; thinking and knowing; and consciousness and personality. The book also considers sociality and social behavior in animals before concluding with an assessment of a psychological explanation of the mind, with emphasis on dualism and monism. This work will be of interest to students, academicians, practitioners, and investigators in the fields of psychobiology, psychology, neurophysiology, and philosophy.

Metaphysics and the Mind-body Problem

Metaphysics and the Mind-body Problem PDF Author: Michael E. Levin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN:
Category : Metaphysics
Languages : en
Pages : 278
Book Description


Psychoanalysis and the Mind-Body Problem

Psychoanalysis and the Mind-Body Problem PDF Author: Jon Mills
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000578909
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 404
Book Description
In this volume, internationally acclaimed psychoanalysts, philosophers, and scholars of humanities examine the mind-body problem and provide differing analyses on the nature of mind, unconscious structure, mental properties, qualia, and the contours of consciousness. Given that disciplines from the humanities and the social sciences to neuroscience cannot agree upon the nature of consciousness—from what constitutes psychic reality to mental properties, psychoanalysis has a unique perspective that is largely ignored by mainstream paradigms. This book provides a comprehensive exploration of the mind-body problem in various psychoanalytic schools of thought, including philosophical and metapsychological points of view. Psychoanalysis and the Mind-Body Problem will be of interest to psychoanalysts, philosophers, neuroscientists, evolutionary biologists, academics, and those generally interested in the humanities, cognitive science, and the philosophy of mind.

Materialism and the Mind/body Problem

Materialism and the Mind/body Problem PDF Author: Wesley E. Cooper
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Materialism
Languages : en
Pages : 412
Book Description


The Mystery of Mind

The Mystery of Mind PDF Author: Peter M. K. Chan
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 0595273297
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 293
Book Description
The Mystery of Mind is a systematic and critical introduction to the philosophy of mind. At issue is what is known as the mind-body problem. How does a body support a mind with its brain? Pivotal to the book is the author's working out of an adverbial concept of mind that is user-friendly to the materialist cause. It is upon the strength of this adverbial concept that the author has come to hold that the conceptual gap between the neurobiological and the psych-cognitive could in fact be bridged. It is also the author's contention that despite shortcomings of other materialist approaches that have been taken in our time, an intelligible case for the truth of materialism could still be made in the form of a biological emergent two-aspect scenario, i.e., when the adverbial concept of mind he advocates is also brought to bear. All in all, what The Mystery of Mind offers is a systematic introduction to one of the living philosophical issues that have engaged the human intellects for more than two thousand years. This is also the central issue that has motivated research in artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, neuroscience, and the philosophy of mind in our time.

Russian Philosophy in the Twenty-First Century

Russian Philosophy in the Twenty-First Century PDF Author: Mikhail Sergeev
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 900443254X
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 444
Book Description
Russian Philosophy in the Twenty-First Century: An Anthology presents a variety of contemporary philosophic problems found in the works of prominent Russian thinkers, ranging from social and political matters and pressing cultural issues to insights into modern science and mounting global challenges.

The Mind-Body Problem

The Mind-Body Problem PDF Author: Jonathan Westphal
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262529564
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 238
Book Description
An introduction to the mind–body problem, covering all the proposed solutions and offering a powerful new one. Philosophers from Descartes to Kripke have struggled with the glittering prize of modern and contemporary philosophy: the mind-body problem. The brain is physical. If the mind is physical, we cannot see how. If we cannot see how the mind is physical, we cannot see how it can interact with the body. And if the mind is not physical, it cannot interact with the body. Or so it seems. In this book the philosopher Jonathan Westphal examines the mind-body problem in detail, laying out the reasoning behind the solutions that have been offered in the past and presenting his own proposal. The sharp focus on the mind-body problem, a problem that is not about the self, or consciousness, or the soul, or anything other than the mind and the body, helps clarify both problem and solutions. Westphal outlines the history of the mind-body problem, beginning with Descartes. He describes mind-body dualism, which claims that the mind and the body are two different and separate things, nonphysical and physical, and he also examines physicalist theories of mind; antimaterialism, which proposes limits to physicalism and introduces the idea of qualia; and scientific theories of consciousness. Finally, Westphal examines the largely forgotten neutral monist theories of mind and body, held by Ernst Mach, William James, and Bertrand Russell, which attempt neither to extract mind from matter nor to dissolve matter into mind. Westphal proposes his own version of neutral monism. This version is unique among neutral monist theories in offering an account of mind-body interaction.

Matter and Consciousness

Matter and Consciousness PDF Author: Paul M. Churchland
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262530743
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 184
Book Description
In Matter and Consciousness, Paul Churchland clearly presents theadvantages and disadvantages of such difficult issues in philosophy of mind as behaviorism,reductive materialism, functionalism, and eliminative materialism. This new edition incorporates thestriking developments that have taken place in neuroscience, cognitive science, and artificialintelligence and notes their expanding relevance to philosophicalissues. Churchland organizes and clarifies the new theoretical and experimentalresults of the natural sciences for a wider philosophical audience, observing that this researchbears directly on questions concerning the basic elements of cognitive activity and theirimplementation in real physical systems. (How is it, he asks, that living creatures perform somecognitive tasks so swiftly and easily, where computers do them only badly or not at all?) Mostsignificant for philosophy, Churchland asserts, is the support these results tend to give to thereductive and the eliminative versions of materialism. A BradfordBook

Contemporary Materialism

Contemporary Materialism PDF Author: Paul K. Moser
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134839340
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 390
Book Description
Contemporary Materialism brings together the best recent work on materialism from many of our leading contemporary philosophers. This is the first comprehensive reader on the subject. The majority of philosophers and scientists today hold the view that all phenomena are physical, as a result materialism or 'physicalism' is now the dominant ontology in a wide range of fields. Surprisingly no single book, until now, has collected the key investigations into materialism, to reflect the impact it has had on current thinking in metaphysics, philosophy of mind and the theory of value. The classic papers in this collection chart contemporary problems, positions and themes in materialism. At the invitation of the editors, many of the papers have been specially up-dated for this collection: follow-on pieces written by the contributors enable them to appraise the original paper and assess developments since the work was first published. The book's selections are largely non-technical and accessible to advanced undergraduates. The editors have provided a useful general introduction, outlining and contextualising this central system of thought, as well as a topical bibliography. Contemporary Materialism will be vital reading for anyone concerned to discover the ideas underlying contemporary philosophy. David Armstrong, University of Sydney; Jerry Fodor, Rutgers University, New Jersey; Tim Crane, University College, London; D. H. Mellor, Univeristy of Cambridge; J.J.C.